Mosaic Woodwork

The art of inlaying wood with colored wood veneer – Damascus art – or mother of pearl – Palestinian art- in various geometrical patterns.

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The art of inlaying wood with colored wood veneer – Damascus art – or mother of pearl – Palestinian art- in various geometrical patterns. Mosaic veneers are made of various types of wood such as walnut, Eucalyptus and rosewood, with each one having a unique color to give the patterns the desired effect.

The craft of mosaic wood from Damascus, Syria, dates back several hundred years. If you’re looking for that single, defining piece of furniture or a sturdy objet d’art that’s strikingly attractive, Syrian mosaic wood might be the answer.

 

The main body and structure of the mosaic pieces is made of beech or walnut wood. The handicraft uses various types of colored wood to make the veneer, such as rosewood, eucalyptus, walnut, almond and lemon wood, in addition to seashells which are imported from Asia.

The veneers are made by cutting square or triangular pieces of wood into thin layers that are cut into smaller pieces in various shapes and then glued on the piece's body. Hand-crafted mosaics may take more than two months to make.

Mosaic woodwork is a woodworking technique that uses varied shapes, sizes, and species of wood fitted together to create a mosaic-like picture with an illusion of depth. Intarsia is created through the selection of different types of wood, using their natural grain pattern and color (but can involve the use of stains and dyes) to create variations in the pattern. After selecting the specific woods to be used within the pattern, each piece is then individually cut, shaped, and finished. Sometimes areas of the pattern are raised to create more depth. Once the individual pieces are complete, they are fitted together like a jig-saw puzzle and glued to wood backing which is sometimes cut to the outline shape of the image.

Different ways of working with wood creates different artistic objects with different naming of techniques.

Intarsia

Intarsia is a form of wood inlaying that is similar to marquetry. The technique of intarsia inlays sections of wood (at times with contrasting ivory or bone, or mother-of-pearl) within the solid stone matrix of floors and walls or of table tops and other furniture; by contrast marquetry assembles a pattern out of veneers glued upon the carcase.

Marquetry

is the art and craft of applying pieces of veneer to a structure to form decorative patterns, designs or pictures. The technique may be applied to case furniture or even seat furniture, to decorative small objects with smooth, veneerable surfaces or to freestanding pictorial panels appreciated in their own right. Marquetry (and parquetry too) differs from the more ancient craft of inlay, in which a solid body of one material is cut out to receive sections of another to form the surface pattern. The word derives from a Middle French word meaning "inlaid work".

Cornice / muqarnas

Muqarnas  is a type of corbel employed as a decorative device in traditional Islamic and Persian architecture. The related mocárabe refers only to projecting elements that resemble stalactites, alveole.

An architectural ornamentation reminiscent of stalactites, muqarnas developed around the middle of the 10th century in northeastern Iran and almost simultaneously — but seemingly independently — in central North Africa; they take the form of small pointed niches, stacked in tiers which project beyond lower tiers, commonly constructed of brick, stone, or wood, clad with painted tiles, wood, or plaster, and are typically applied to domes, cornices, squinches and the undersides of arches and vaults.

 

Carving/punching woodwork

Which is carving designs on wood layers leaving empty parts on wood to show the designs, then gluing the pieces together to end up with a great art of work in the form of functional piece.

 

 


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